Top 50 Product Liability Verdicts in the United States in 2019

Top 50 Product Liability Verdicts in the United States in 2019We are pleased to present to you the list of the top 50 product liability verdicts obtained in the United States in the year 2019. The list is comprised of various case types that were tried in one of the Nation's state or federal courts.

For firms that have made the list and would like to signify their achievement on their website or in other marketing materials, TopVerdict.com has issued a special electronic badge that is available for purchase here.

If you are the attorney who obtained one of the 50 verdicts on this list, you can display a separate, personalized badge on your bio page to showcase your victory and potentially generate more business for your firm. You can buy your personalized attorney badge here. You can also obtain a personalized plaque to display in your office.

Important: While we strive to achieve maximum accuracy and completeness of our lists, we cannot guarantee either at 100%. If you believe another verdict should be on this list, please submit it to us today.

1
Amount:$8,000,000,000.00
Attorneys:Thomas R. Kline of Kline & Specter, P.C.; Jason A. Itkin of Arnold & Itkin, LLP; Stephen A. Sheller of Sheller, PC
Case:Murray v. Janssen Pharmaceuticals
Type:Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Pharmacy Malpractice, Product Liability, Defective Product, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Defective Drug
State:Pennsylvania
2
Amount:$2,055,000,000.00
Attorneys:Michael J. Miller, Curtis G. Hoke, David J. Dickens, Jeffrey Travers, Nancy Guy Armstrong Miller of The Miller Firm, LLC; R. Brent Wisner, Michael L. Baum, Pedram Esfandiary of Baum, Hedlund, Aristei & Goldman, PC; Mark Burton of Audet & Partners, LLP; Steven J. Brady of Brady Law Group
Case:Pilliod v. Monsanto Co.
Type:Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
3
Amount:$325,000,000.00
Attorneys:Jerome H. Block, Alexandria Awad, John P. Guinan of Levy Konigsberg LLP; Christian H. Hartley, Suzanne Ratcliffe of Maune, Raichle, Hartley, French and Mudd, LLC
Case:Olson v. Brenntag North America Inc., et al.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Talc Exposure, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:New York
4
Amount:$157,445,439.00
Attorneys:Brittany C. Barron, Steven J. Hammer, Scott P. Schlesinger, Jonathan R. Gdanski of Schlesinger Law Offices, PA
Case:Estate of Caprio v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., et al.
Type:Fraudulent Concealment, Product Liability, Tobacco, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Strict Liability
State:Florida
5
Amount:$151,791,000.00
Attorneys:J. Greg Allen, Kendall Dunson, LaBarron N. Boone of Beasley, Allen, Crow, Methvin, Portis & Miles, P.C.; William J. Gamble of Gamble Gamble Calame & Jones, LLC
Case:Smith v. Ford Motor Co., et al.
Type:Car Accident, Motor Vehicle Accident, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Negligent Tort, Single-Vehicle Accident, Paralysis Injury, Design Defect
State:Alabama
6
Amount:$123,634,686.00
Attorneys:Garth L. Jones, Karen Koehler, Andrew Ackley of Stritmatter Kessler Koehler Moore; Bethany Mito Lee, Risa D. Woo, D. Sho Ly, Nelson Lee of Lee & Lee, PS
Case:Dinh Group v. Ride The Ducks International, LLC, et al.
Type:Bus Accident, Motor Vehicle Accident, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Wrongful Death, Brain Injury, Defective Product, Failure to Maintain, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Catastrophic Injury
State:Washington
7
Amount:$120,000,000.00
Attorneys:Braden R. Lepisto, Tracie L. Palmer, Elia Robertson of Kline & Specter, P.C.
Case:McFarland v. Ethicon Women’s Health and Urology, et al.
Type:Personal Injury, Product Liability, Defective Product, Defective Medical Device, Strict Liability
State:Pennsylvania
8
Amount:$80,267,634.00
Attorneys:Aimee H. Wagstaff, David J. Wool, Kathryn M. Forgie of Andrus Wagstaff PC; Lori E. Andrus of Andrus Anderson LLP
Case:Hardeman v. Monsanto Company
Type:Dangerous Condition, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
9
Amount:$80,025,000.00
Attorneys:Lee B. Balefsky, Michelle L. Tiger of Kline & Specter, P.C.
Case:Mesigian v. Ethicon Inc., et al.
Type:Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Defective Product, Defective Medical Device, Pelvic Mesh Complications, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Design Defect
State:Pennsylvania
10
Amount:$70,102,000.00
Attorneys:Marc P. Kunen, Jose L. Becerra of The Ferraro Law Firm, P.A.
Case:Thornton v. GEA Mechanical Equipment US Inc.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort
State:Florida
11
Amount:$63,419,988.00
Attorneys:Duane C. Miller of Miller, Axline & Sawyer
Case:City of Atwater v. Shell Oil Co., et al.
Type:Failure to Warn, Pollution, Product Liability, Nuisance, Defective Product, Environmental Protection, Clean Water Act, Trespass, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
12
Amount:$42,500,000.00
Attorneys:Stuart N. Ratzan, Stuart J. Weissman of Ratzan Weissman & Boldt; Edward H. Zebersky of Zebersky Payne Shaw Lewenz, LLP; John G. Crabtree of Crabtree & Auslander
Case:Estate of Gloger v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., et al.
Type:Conspiracy, Fraudulent Concealment, Product Liability, Tobacco, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Strict Liability
State:Florida
13
Amount:$42,000,000.00
Attorneys:Randi McGinn, Michael Sievers of McGinn, Montoya, Love & Curry, PA
Case:Hein v. Utility Trailer Manufacturing Co.
Type:Car Accident, Motor Vehicle Accident, Product Liability, Truck Accident, Wrongful Death, Negligent Tort, Design Defect
State:New Mexico
14
Amount:$41,000,000.00
Attorneys:Thomas R. Kline, Lee B. Balefsky, Michelle L. Tiger of Kline & Specter, P.C.
Case:Emmet v. Ethicon Women’s Health & Urology, et al.
Type:Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Defective Product, Defective Medical Device, Pelvic Mesh Complications, Negligent Tort, Design Defect
State:Pennsylvania
15
Amount:$40,137,769.00
Attorneys:David C. Greenstone, Stuart J. Purdy, Marissa Langhoff, Lisa M. Barley of Simon Greenstone Panatier, PC
Case:Cabibi v. Johnson & Johnson, et al.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Talc Exposure, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
16
Amount:$37,615,818.00
Attorneys:James L. Mitchell of PayneMitchell Law Group; Charla G. Aldous, Brent Walker of Aldous \ Walker LLP
Case:Milburn v. American Honda Motor Company Inc., et al.
Type:Car Accident, Motor Vehicle Accident, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Truck Accident, Defective Product, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Catastrophic Injury, Quadriplegia
State:Texas
17
Amount:$37,300,000.00
Attorneys:Moshe Maimon of Levy Konigsberg LLP; Christopher J. Panatier of Simon Greenstone Panatier, PC; Christopher M. Placitella of Cohen, Placitella & Roth, P.C.
Case:Barden, et al. v. Johnson & Johnson
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Talc Exposure, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:New Jersey
18
Amount:$37,005,500.00
Attorneys:Brittany C. Barron, Steven J. Hammer, Scott P. Schlesinger, Jonathan R. Gdanski of Schlesinger Law Offices, PA; Celene Humphries, Maegen Peek Luka, Thomas J. Seider of Brannock & Humphries
Case:Estate of Mahfuz v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., et al.
Type:Conspiracy, Fraudulent Concealment, Product Liability, Tobacco, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Strict Liability
State:Florida
19
Amount:$36,240,000.00
Attorneys:Gregory L. Gowan, Luis Alberto Elizondo of Gowan Elizondo LLP; Douglas A. Allison of Law Office of Douglas Allison
Case:Enriquez, et al. v. Lasko Products, Inc, et al.
Type:Product Liability, Wrongful Death, Burn Injury, Defective Product, Strict Liability, Smoke Inhalation, Fire Damage
State:Texas
20
Amount:$34,000,000.00
Attorneys:Jennifer L. Alesio, Daniel P. Blouin, John Richardson, Paul C. Cook, Deborah R. Rosenthal, Benjamin D. Goldstein of Simmons Hanly Conroy LLC
Case:Putt v. Ford Motor Company
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
21
Amount:$33,684,140.00
Attorneys:David P. Matthews of Matthews & Associates; Rosemary Pinto of Feldman & Pinto
Case:Reed-Brown v. Rex Medical L.P.
Type:Personal Injury, Product Liability, Defective Medical Device, Strict Liability, Design Defect
State:Pennsylvania
22
Amount:$33,500,000.00
Attorneys:Robert C. Hilliard, Marion M. Reilly, John C. Duff, Rudy Gonzales, Jr., G. Joseph Barrientos, Alex Hilliard, Jessi J. Pritchett, Bradford P. Klager, Catherine Tobin Hilliard of Hilliard Martinez Gonzales L.L.P.
Case:Siegel, et al. v. Yamaha Golf-Car Co., et al.
Type:Car Accident, Failure to Warn, Motor Vehicle Accident, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Brain Injury, Defective Product, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Single-Vehicle Accident, Quadriplegia, Design Defect
State:Texas
23
Amount:$29,400,000.00
Attorneys:Denyse F. Clancy, Joseph D. Satterley, Ted W. Pelletier, Mark A. Swanson of Kazan, McClain, Satterly & Greenwood
Case:Leavitt v. Johnson & Johnson, et al.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Fraudulent Concealment, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Talc Exposure, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
24
Amount:$28,435,964.00
Attorneys:Peter C. Beirne, Nectaria Belantis, Bryon P. Josselyn, Joshua S. Paul of The Paul Law Firm
Case:Webb v. General Cable Corp.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
25
Amount:$26,619,000.00
Attorneys:Peter C. Beirne, Nectaria Belantis, Bryon P. Josselyn, Joshua S. Paul of The Paul Law Firm
Case:Phipps v. Copeland Corp. LLC
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
26
Amount:$25,000,000.00
Attorneys:Benno B. Ashrafi, Venus Burns, Leonard Sandoval, Josiah Parker, Tyler R. Stock of Weitz & Luxenberg
Case:Sabetian v. Brand Insulations Inc., et al.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Workplace Safety, Defective Product, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
27
Amount:$21,385,000.00
Attorneys:Rajeev K. Mittal of Waters, Kraus & Paul; Scott R. Frieling of Allen Stewart, P.C.; Mary E. Alexander of Mary Alexander & Associates P.C
Case:Eaves, et al. v. Ashland, Inc., et al.
Type:Dangerous Condition, Failure to Warn, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Workplace Safety, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
28
Amount:$21,000,000.00
Attorneys:Paula S. Bliss of Bernheim Dolinsky Kelley, LLC
Case:Estate of Laramie v. Philip Morris USA Inc.
Type:Failure to Warn, Product Liability, Tobacco, Toxic Exposure, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:Massachusetts
29
Amount:$17,539,233.00
Attorneys:Gary M. Paige of Gordon & Partners, P.A.
Case:Coyne v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.
Type:Conspiracy, Consumer Fraud, Deceptive Trade Practices, Failure to Warn, False Advertising, Product Liability, Tobacco, Toxic Exposure, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:Massachusetts
30
Amount:$16,300,000.00
Attorneys:Joshua R. Gale of Wiggins Childs Pantazis Fisher Goldfarb, LLC; William H. (Bill) Ogle, Parama K. Liberman of Ogle Law, LLC
Case:Estate of Stucky v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.
Type:Conspiracy, Failure to Warn, Fraudulent Concealment, Product Liability, Tobacco, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Failure to Disclose
State:Florida
31
Amount:$15,500,000.00
Attorneys:Dawn M. Vallejos-Nichols, Rod W. Smith of Avera & Smith, LLP; Joshua A. Whitman, Eric L. Leach of Milton, Leach, Whitman, D’Andrea and Eslinger, P.A.; Celene Humphries, Maegen Peek Luka, Thomas J. Seider of Brannock & Humphries
Case:Estate of Dixon v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.
Type:Fraudulent Concealment, Product Liability, Tobacco, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Strict Liability
State:Florida
32
Amount:$14,650,000.00
Attorneys:Thomas D. Leland, Maxwell N. Shaffer, Josh H. Roberts, Peter P. Hargitai, Laura B. Renstrom of Holland & Knight LLP
Case:Dream Finders Homes LLC, et al. v. Weyerhaeuser NR Co.
Type:Deceptive Trade Practices, Fraudulent Concealment, Negligent Misrepresentation, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Consumer Protection, Intentional Tort, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:Colorado
33
Amount:$12,003,006.00
Attorneys:Denyse F. Clancy, Andrea Huston, Joseph D. Satterley, Mark A. Swanson, Ian A. Rivamonte, Michael T. Stewart of Kazan, McClain, Satterly & Greenwood
Case:Schmitz v. Johnson & Johnson, et al.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Fraudulent Concealment, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Intentional Misrepresentation, Mesothelioma, Strict Liability
State:California
34
Amount:$12,000,000.00
Attorneys:Corey Arzoumanian, Arash Homampour, Nareen M. Touloumdjian of The Homampour Law Firm, APLC; David H. Greenberg, Emily A. Ruby of Law Office of David H. Greenberg
Case:Courtney v. Daimler Trucks North America LLC
Type:Motor Vehicle Accident, Product Liability, Truck Accident, Work Accident, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Strict Liability, Single-Vehicle Accident
State:California
35
Amount:$10,600,000.00
Attorneys:Eric S. Rosen, Kimberly L. Wald, Maxwell H. Sawyer of Kelley Uustal Trial Attorneys
Case:Estate of Hamilton v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.
Type:Conspiracy, Fraudulent Concealment, Product Liability, Tobacco, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Strict Liability
State:Florida
36
Amount:$10,006,867.00
Attorneys:Brittany C. Barron, Steven J. Hammer, Scott P. Schlesinger, Jonathan R. Gdanski , Cristina Sabbagh of Schlesinger Law Offices, PA; Celene Humphries, Thomas J. Seider of Brannock & Humphries
Case:Estate of Milinkovich v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., et al.
Type:Conspiracy, Fraudulent Concealment, Product Liability, Tobacco, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Strict Liability
State:Florida
37 (tie)
Amount:$10,000,000.00
Attorneys:Tyler B. Wilke, Laci M. Whitley, Ryan Sweet of Flint Law Firm LLC
Case:Estate of Atchison v. CSR Ltd.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Failure to Test
State:Missouri
37 (tie)
Amount:$10,000,000.00
Attorneys:Jonathan B. Harris of J.B. Harris, PA; Bard D. Rockenbach of Burlington & Rockenbach, P.A.; Carlos Santisteban, Jr. of Carlos Santisteban, Jr., P.A.; Robert D. Trammell of Robert D. Trammell, Attorney at Law
Case:Estate of Harris v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.
Type:Conspiracy, Fraudulent Concealment, Product Liability, Tobacco, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Intentional Tort, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:Florida
38
Amount:$9,000,000.00
Attorneys:Cynthia M. Devers, Michael S. Miska of The Wolk Law Firm
Case:Estate of Lallo v. Continental Motors Inc.
Type:Aviation Accident, Product Liability, Wrongful Death, Strict Liability, Design Defect
State:Pennsylvania
39
Amount:$8,433,000.00
Attorneys:Christopher T. Layloff, Jason J. Steinmeyer, Randy L. Gori of The Gori Law Firm PC
Case:Bennett v. Ford Motor Co.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Work Accident, Defective Product, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:Missouri
40
Amount:$7,680,460.00
Attorneys:Gibbs C. Henderson, Erin M. Wood, Gary M. Paul of Waters, Kraus & Paul
Case:Kline v. Zimmer Inc.
Type:Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Defective Product, Defective Medical Device, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Design Defect
State:California
41
Amount:$6,000,000.00
Attorneys:Edward A. Wallace, Mark R. Miller, Lauren C. Kaplan, Umar Sattar of Wexler Wallace LLP; Fidelma L. Fitzpatrick, Robert J. McConnell, Sara O. Couch, Caroline Rion of Motley Rice LLC
Case:Burton v. Armstrong Containers, Inc., et al.
Type:Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Brain Injury, Defective Product, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Failure to Disclose, Lead Poisoning, Failure to Test
State:Wisconsin
42
Amount:$5,125,000.00
Attorneys:Theile B. McVey, John D. Kassel of Kassel McVey; Jonathan M. Holder of Dean Omar Branham Shirley, LLP
Case:Estate of Glenn v. Carboline Co., et al.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Breach of Warranty, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Work Accident, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort
State:South Carolina
43 (tie)
Amount:$5,000,000.00
Attorneys:Timothy D. Riley of Riley Law Firm
Case:Estate of Acebo v. Abbott Vascular Inc.
Type:Failure to Warn, Hospital Malpractice, Medical Malpractice, Product Liability, Professional Malpractice, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Negligent Training, Defective Medical Device, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Vicarious Liability, Respondeat Superior, Design Defect
State:Texas
43 (tie)
Amount:$5,000,000.00
Attorneys:Ricardo M. Martinez-Cid, Lea P. Bucciero of Podhurst Orseck, LLP
Case:Estate of Johnson v. Continental Motors Inc.
Type:Aviation Accident, Failure to Warn, Product Liability, Wrongful Death, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:Florida
44
Amount:$4,844,184.00
Attorneys:Peter C. Grenier of Grenier Law Group; Andrew G. Slutkin, Ethan S. Nochumowitz of Silverman Thompson Slutkin White
Case:Estate of Sardis v. Overhead Door Corp.
Type:Construction Accident, Failure to Warn, Product Liability, Work Accident, Wrongful Death, Brain Injury, Fall, Defective Product, Breach of Warranty of Merchantability, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:Virginia
45
Amount:$4,397,716.00
Attorneys:Jonathan A. George, Samuel I. Iola, Michael Connett of Waters, Kraus & Paul
Case:Vanni, et al. v. AMF Bowling Centers, Inc., et al.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
46
Amount:$4,250,000.00
Attorneys:Chandler H. Udo, Vanessa Firnhaber Oslund of Bergman Draper Oslund Udo, PLLC
Case:Estate of Everson v. Lone Star Industries, Inc.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:Washington
47
Amount:$4,000,000.00
Attorneys:Darrell L. Cochran, Michael T. Pfau, Kevin M. Hastings of Pfau Cochran Vertetis Amala PLLC
Case:West, et al. v. Ride The Ducks International LLC, et al.
Type:Bus Accident, Failure to Warn, Motor Vehicle Accident, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Brain Injury, Defective Product, Failure to Maintain, Breach of Duty of Care, Failure to Supervise, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability, Design Defect
State:Washington
48
Amount:$3,750,000.00
Attorneys:James W. Gustafson, Jr. of Searcy Denney Scarola Barnhart & Shipley; John Hutchins Pinder, IV ("Hutch") of The Whittemore Law Group, PA
Case:Estate of Durrance v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.
Type:Product Liability, Tobacco, Wrongful Death, Defective Product, Strict Liability
State:Florida
49
Amount:$3,000,429.00
Attorneys:Benno B. Ashrafi, Venus Burns, Michael T. Reid of Weitz & Luxenberg
Case:Groves v. D.W. Nicholson Corp.
Type:Asbestos Exposure, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Toxic Exposure, Defective Product, Mesothelioma, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:California
50
Amount:$3,000,000.00
Attorneys:Ben C. Martin, Laura J. Baughman of Martin Baughman, PLLC; Denman H. Heard of Heard Law Firm, PLLC; Robert M. Hammers of Schneider Hammers LLC; Misty Farris of Fears & Nachawati
Case:Brand v. Cook Medical, Inc.
Type:Breach of Warranty, Failure to Warn, Personal Injury, Product Liability, Defective Product, Defective Medical Device, Negligent Tort, Strict Liability
State:Indiana

Share this page with your colleagues

Follow us on social media

Our Customers

Weitz & Luxenberg Waters Kraus Paul Foran Glennon Silver Golub North Deutsch Shegerian Davidson Bowie Freedman Boyd Lewis Rice Romano Schlesinger